Travel Costs in Denmark

Do your Danish employees receive tax-free travel allowances? There are several rules, employers must follow to ensure that the payments are tax-free. We have summarized further information on this and the current rates for you here.

The Danish travel expense rates usually change at the turn of the year, and this year is no exception.

We would like to take this opportunity to inform you about the new rates and the requirements that must be met in order to receive tax-free payments from the employer.

 

Tax-free allowances at a glance:

20222021
Additional subsistence allowance539 DKK532 DKK
Accommodation allowance231 DKK228 DKK
Transport allowance (up to 20,000 km per year)3.51 DKK3.44 DKK
Transport allowance (over 20,000 km per year)1.98 DKK1.90 DKK
Deduction for transport between home and work (25-120 km)1.98 DKK1.90 DKK
Deduction for transport between home and work over 120 km0.99 DKK0.95 DKK

 

Travel allowance (“Rejsegodtgørelse / diæter”)

For business trips, the employer can pay a tax-free travel allowance to cover the cost of meals, accommodation and incidentals. This requires that the trip lasts at least 24 hours and that the destination is so far from the employee’s home that the employee cannot stay overnight at home.

If the employee receives free meals during the trip, deductions are made from the allowance:

  • Breakfast: 15 percent
  • Lunch: 30 percent
  • Dinner: 30 percent

If the employer pays a travel allowance, it must be ensured that the requirements for tax-free payment are met. An accounting voucher must show the following information:

  • Reason for the trip
  • Destination and any stopovers
  • Number of travel days, in particular the time of the beginning and end of the trip
  • Rates applied
  • Calculation
  • Employer’s control note

If the conditions for a tax-free payment are not met, the amount is taxable. If the employer pays a lower amount than the tax-free rate, the employee may claim the difference on his or her annual income tax return.

 

Accommodation allowance (“Logigodtgørelse”)

The accommodation allowance covers undocumented costs for overnight stays on a business trip, e.g., overnight stays in a hotel, caravan or private accommodation.

The accommodation allowance can only be paid if the overnight expenses are not covered as per account rendered or free accommodation has been provided.

 

Transport allowance (“Befordringsgodtgørelse”)

If the employee uses his or her private car for business travel, the employer can pay a tax-free travel allowance for this. This allowance covers the employee’s costs for gasoline, taxes, maintenance costs, insurance, etc. The employee is not entitled to deduct fuel bills from the allowance. Fuel bills can therefore not be claimed as expenses at the same time.

The following count as business trips:

  • Trips between home and workplace for a maximum of 60 days within a 12-month period
  • Trips to other places of work

If the employer pays the travel allowance to the employee, it must be ensured that the documentation requirements of the Danish tax authorities are met. An accounting document must show the following information:

  • Reason for the trip
  • Destination and any intermediate destinations
  • Date of the trip
  • Kilometers traveled
  • Rate used
  • Journey with the employee’s private vehicle (license plate number)
  • Employer’s control note

If the employer does not pay a tax-free travel allowance to the employee, the employee may claim the expenses as a tax deduction on his/her annual income tax return. In this case, the employee must provide the above documentation.

 

Deduction for transport between home and work (“Kørselsfradrag”)

The deduction covers the employee’s costs for transportation to the permanent workplace and is only eligible if the workplace is further than 12 kilometers from the employee’s residence. It does not matter how the employee travels to work – this can be in his/her own car or by bicycle or public transport.

The employee may claim the deduction himself as part of his annual income tax return.

Do you have questions about travel expenses? Please contact us!

 

Your Employment Law Team.


 

Alexandra Huber

+45 5116 7494
alexandra.huber@lead-roedl.dk

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jana Behlendorf

+45 23 24 60 22
jana.behlendorf@lead-roedl.dk

 

 

 

 

 

 

Camilla Bjerning Schack

+45 22 81 60 30
camilla.schack@lead-roedl.dk

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